Snapshot of the Syllabus
The 2021 Program
August 2nd - 13th, 2021
This two-week course provides participants with the intellectual framework for understanding the numerous, complex and often emotional issues related to genocide. An examination of several major cases of genocide provides the foundation for comparative analysis, along with the exploration of selected broad themes. The specific case studies and special themes may vary from year to year.
Using a seminar approach, the program provides a structured forum for analyzing universal questions relating to human rights and their gross violation. Students will gain an understanding of the following:
The development and meaning of Human Rights and their relationship to genocide
The background, sources, causes and effects of genocide
How to recognize, define and predict genocide
The social, economic and psychological impact on survivors and their descendants
Gender and genocide
Denial, Memory, Museum and Representation
Destruction by attrition
International law and genocide
Methods and strategies to help prevent genocide
The 2021 Syllabus
Taking the Program for Credit
Due to the format of the 2021 program, the Institute is unable to offer scholarships or the option to take the course for credit this year.
Students will be expected to prepare a ten-minute oral presentation to present to the class at the end of the course. More details will be provided in the syllabus and by the Course Director at the start of the program.
All required readings will be provided to students at no additional cost. Students may find it beneficial to read the following text, which may be obtained from their library or favourite bookseller in print or e-book format:
Adam Jones, Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction. Third edition. London and New York: Routledge, 2017
Meet Our 2021 Faculty
Northern Arizona University
Dr. Alex Alvarez is a Professor in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Northern Arizona University. In 2017-2018, he served as the Ida E. King Distinguished Visiting Scholar in Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Stockton University. His main areas of study are in the areas of collective and interpersonal violence. Some of his books include Violence: The Enduring Problem(2007, 2013 2nded., 2017 3rded.), Genocidal Crimes(2009), and Native America and the Question of Genocide(2014). His most recent book, Unstable Ground: Climate Change, Conflict, and Genocide was published in July 2017. He has also served as an editor for the journal Violence and Victims, was a founding co-editor of the journal Genocide Studies and Prevention, now known as Genocide Studies International, and has served as an editorial board member for a number of journals. He has been invited to speak and present his research in various countries such as Austria, Bosnia, Canada, England, Germany, Lithuania, the Netherlands, and Sweden.
Course Director, New York University
Joyce Apsel Ph.D., J.D., is Clinical Professor of Humanities in the Liberal Studies Program of the College of Arts & Sciences at New York University. Joyce Apsel teaches in a unique learning environment where students explore and debate the ideas in great works from different societies and cultures including the Bible and Qur’an to Plato, Confucius and Machiavelli.
Based on her research interests in comparative genocide and human rights, she teaches seminars in the Politics, Rights and Development Concentration. Course subjects taught include: Human Rights, Cultures of Peace and Terror, Societies at Risk, the Politics of Mass Hate and Genocide and Challenges of Humanitarianism, and Global Citizenship. Together, in small classes, her students read about and debate the history and politics of just and unjust wars, the role of non-governmental organizations and the complex challenges of addressing current mass violence from Chechnya to Darfur. Students have the opportunity to research their own interests; and some recent student projects include: Child Soldiers, HIV/AIDs and the Globalization of Drugs, Photography and Atrocity, and Female Slave Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe. Besides encouraging students to attend lectures on human rights issues at NYU; there are class visits to the United Nations and other sites in New York City. As President of the Institute for Study of Genocide and Director of RightsWorks International, Apsel also introduces students to human rights projects and speakers. Her goal is to explore diverse perspectives and critical analyses that facilitate each student finding his/her own voice and becoming informed, engaged, members of civil society and the global community.
Joyce is the author of Introducing Peace Museums (2016), nominated for the 2017 Dayton Literary Peace Prize in non-fiction. She is also the co-author of Museums and Sites of Persuasion: Politics, Memory (2019) and Human Rights and Genocide Matters: Ongoing Issues and Emerging Perspectives (2013).
University of Toronto
Doris L. Bergen is the Chancellor Rose and Ray Wolfe Professor of Holocaust Studies. Her research focuses on issues of religion, gender, and ethnicity in the Holocaust and World War II and comparatively in other cases of extreme violence. Her books include Twisted Cross: The German Christian Movement in the Third Reich (1996); War and Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust (2003); The Sword of the Lord: Military Chaplains from the First to the Twenty-First Centuries (edited, 2004); and Lessons and Legacies VIII (edited, 2008).
Prof. Bergen has held grants and fellowships from the SSHRC, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, the German Marshall Fund of the United States, the DAAD, and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, and she has taught at the Universities of Warsaw, Pristina, Tuzla, Notre Dame, and Vermont. Her current projects include a book on German military chaplains in the Nazi era and a study of definitions of Germanness as revealed in the Volksdeutschen/ethnic Germans of Eastern Europe during World War II and the Holocaust. Bergen is a member of the Academic Advisory Committee of the Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies at the U. S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington , D.C.
Hollie N. Brehm
Ohio State University
Dr. Hollie Nyseth Brehm is an Associate Professor of Sociology and Criminology at The Ohio State University. She has published more than 30 articles and book chapters on genocide and human rights and is the recipient of the International Association of Genocide Scholars’ Emerging Scholar prize as well as the American Society of Criminology’s Cavan Young Scholar Award, which are the highest honors given to early-career scholars in each association. Nyseth Brehm is the Principal Investigator of two grants from the National Science Foundation that each focus on transitional justice in Rwanda. She serves on a U.S. atrocity prevention task force and has worked with Rwanda’s National Commission for the Fight Against Genocide since 2012. Nyseth Brehm is also on the boards of the International Association of Genocide Scholars, Refuge, and I-Activism, and she serves as a consultant for numerous other organizations. At Ohio State, Nyseth Brehm teaches classes on genocide, terrorism, and violence. She has won both the college’s and the university’s highest teaching honors, and she brings Ohio State University students to Rwanda each summer to learn about the Genocide against the Tutsi.
Elisa von Joeden-Forgey
Keene State College
Prof Elisa von Joeden-Forgey recently accepted a new position as Associate Professor in the Department of Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Keene State College starting September 2020.
Previously, Elisa von Joeden-Forgey was the Dr. Marsha Raticoff Grossman Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Stockton University of New Jersey, where she taught undergraduate and graduate classes on the Holocaust, comparative genocide, gender, sexual violence, war, human rights and genocide prevention. She was also the First Vice President of the IAGS. Prior to this, she was a Visiting Scholar and Lecturer in the Department of History at the University of Pennsylvania. She earned her BA in History from Columbia University and a Ph.D. degree in modern German and African history from the University of Pennsylvania. Her dissertation, "Nobody's People: Colonial Subjects, Race Power and the German State, 1884-1945" examined the colonial roots of National Socialist ideology through the lens of the debates surrounding the African presence in Germany. Dr. von Joeden-Forgey has received research grants from the Fulbright Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, the Ford Foundation, and the MacArthur Foundation, and has published widely in the fields of comparative genocide and German history.
Her current research on gender and genocide has appeared in Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal, the Oxford Handbook on Genocide, New Directions in Genocide Research, Genocide: A Bibliographic Review, Hidden Genocide: Power, Knowledge and Memory, and the forthcoming collected volumes Reconstructing Atrocity Prevention and Economic Aspects of Genocide, Mass Killing, and Their Prevention. She is currently completing a book on gender and the prevention of genocide that will be published by the University of Pennsylvania Press. In 2010 and 2011 Dr. von Joeden-Forgey was a workshop coordinator for the Raphael Lemkin Program in Genocide Prevention hosted by the Auschwitz Institute for Peace and Reconciliation in Krakow and Oswiecim, Poland. In 2014 she was chosen as one of thirty-six scholars to join the Stephen S. Weinstein Symposium on Post-Holocaust Ethics at Wroxton College in Oxfordshire, England. At Stockton College, she is working to develop a master's-level program in genocide prevention and is co-chairing faculty research and teaching committee on the subject of sexualized violence on campuses in a global framework.
U.S. Army War College
Dr. Azeem Ibrahim is a Research Professor at the Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, and a Director at the Center for Global Policy in Washington, D.C. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge after which he completed fellowships at the universities of Oxford, Harvard and Yale. Over the years, Dr. Ibrahim has advised over half a dozen world leaders on strategy and policy development.
Dr. Ibrahim is also the author of the seminal books: “The Rohingyas: Inside Myanmar’s Genocide” (Hurst 2016) and “Radical Origins: Why We Are Losing the War Against Islamic Extremism” (Pegasus 2017). He has published hundreds of articles in the likes of the New York Times, Washington Post, Daily Telegraph, The Times (UK), Foreign Policy, Chicago Tribune, LA Times, Newsweek, National Interest, Yale Global and many other publications around the globe.
Outside academia, Dr. Ibrahim has been a reservist in the IV Battalion Parachute Regiment (the U.K.’s elite airborne infantry reserve) and a multi-award-winning entrepreneur. He was ranked as a Top 100 Global Thinker by the European Social Think Tank in 2010 and named a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum. In 2019, he received the International Association of Genocide Scholars Engaged Scholar Award for his research on the Rohingya genocide.
University of Cambridge
Daria Mattingly is Leverhulme Early Career Fellow at University of Cambridge, UK where she received her doctorate degree and now teaches Soviet and Russian history. Daria completed MA in History at University of Bristol and studied philosophy at Kyiv Shevchenko University. In her doctoral dissertation, Daria focused on the rank-and-file perpetrators of the Holodomor and their representation in cultural memory.
The honorable Dr. Debra Rodman is an Associate Professor of Anthropology and Women’s Studies and former Director of Women's Studies at Randolph-Macon College in Ashland, Virginia. Her areas of expertise are Central American migration, gender and ethnicity, and women’s rights. Dr. Rodman is a former Fulbright Scholar and received grants from RAND and Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Dr. Rodman also serves as an expert witness for federal immigration courts for families fleeing violence from Central America with a focus on gender-based violence and LGBT individuals.
Dr. Rodman serves on the board of the Virginia Holocaust Museum and was instrumental in supporting legislation for improving Holocaust education and security funding for vulnerable communities in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Dr. Rodman served in the Virginia House of Delegates from 2018-2020 and candidate for State Senate in 2019.
William A. Schabas
Professor William A. Schabas is professor of international law at Middlesex University in London. He is also professor of international humanitarian law and human rights at Leiden University, emeritus professor of human rights law at the National University of Ireland Galway and honorary chairman of the Irish Centre for Human Rights, invited visiting scholar at the Paris School of International Affairs (Sciences Politiques), honorary professor at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing, visiting fellow of Kellogg College of the University of Oxford, and professeur associé at the Université du Québec à Montréal. Prof. Schabas is a ‘door tenant’ at the chambers of 9 Bedford Row, in London. Professor Schabas holds BA and MA degrees in history from the University of Toronto and LLB, LLM and LLD degrees from the University of Montreal, as well as honorary doctorates in law from several universities.
He is the author of more than twenty books dealing in whole or in part with international human rights law, including: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights : travaux préparatoires (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013); Unimaginable Atrocities, Justice, Politics and Rights at the War Crimes Tribunals (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), The International Criminal Court: A Commentary on the Rome Statute (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), Introduction to the International Criminal Court (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, 4th ed.), Genocide in International Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2nd ed., 2009) and The Abolition of the Death Penalty in International Law (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 3rd ed.). He has also published more than 300 articles in academic journals, principally in the field of international human rights law and international criminal law. His writings have been translated into Russian, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Nepali and Albanian.
Professor Schabas is editor-in-chief of Criminal Law Forum , the quarterly journal of the International Society for the Reform of Criminal Law. He is President of the Irish Branch of the International Law Association and chair of the International Institute for Criminal Investigation. From 2002 to 2004 he served as one of three international members of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Professor Schabas has worked as a consultant on capital punishment for the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, and drafted the 2010 report of the Secretary-General on the status of the death penalty (UN Doc. E/2010/10). Professor Schabas was named an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2006. He was elected a member of the Royal Irish Academy in 2007. He has been awarded the Vespasian V. Pella Medal for International Criminal Justice of the Association internationale de droit pénal, and the Gold Medal in the Social Sciences of the Royal Irish Academy. .
Borough of Manhattan Community College
Amy Sodaro is Associate Professor of Sociology at the Borough of Manhattan Community College/City University of New York. Her research focuses on memory and memorialization of violence and atrocity. She has published articles on memorial museums, including the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, the House of Terror in Budapest, the Jewish Museum in Berlin, the Kigali Genocide Memorial Center in Rwanda and the 9/11 Museum. She is co-editor of Memory and the Future: Transnational Politics, Ethics and Culture (Palgrave Macmillan 2010), a special issue of WSQ “At Sea” (2017) and Museums and Sites of Persuasion: Memory, Politics and Human Rights (Routledge, 2019), and author of Exhibiting Atrocity: Memorial Museums and the Politics of Past Violence (Rutgers University Press, 2018). She is currently working on a book about race and memory in US museums.
Uğur Ümit Üngör
Uğur Ümit Üngör is Associate Professor at the Department of History at Utrecht University and Research Fellow at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust, and Genocide Studies in Amsterdam. His main areas of interest are state formation and nation formation, with a particular focus on mass violence. His most recent publications include Genocide: New Perspectives on its Causes, Courses and Consequences (Amsterdam University Press, 2016, ed.), Confiscation and Destruction: The Young Turk Seizure of Armenian Property (Continuum, 2011) and the award-winning The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950 (Oxford University Press, 2011). He is an editor of the Journal of Perpetrator Research, and coordinator of the Syrian Oral History project at NIOD. In 2019, he completed an NWO-funded research project on paramilitarism and completing the monograph Paramilitarism: Mass Violence in the Shadow of the State (Oxford University Press, 2019).
James E. Waller
Keene State College
Dr. James Waller is the Cohen Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies, and chair of that same department, at Keene State College (NH-US). In addition, he serves as Director of Academic Programs for the Auschwitz Institute for the Prevention of Genocide and Mass Atrocities, an international NGO devoted to atrocity prevention. He is the author of five books, most notably his award-winning Becoming Evil: How Ordinary People Commit Genocide and Mass Killing (Oxford University Press, 2nd ed., 2007) and Confronting Evil: Engaging Our Responsibility to Prevent Genocide (Oxford University Press, 2016). His sixth book, A Troubled Sleep: Risk and Resilience in Contemporary Northern Ireland, is scheduled for release by Oxford University Press in April 2021. Waller has held numerous visiting professorships, most recently as an honorary visiting research professor at in the George J. Mitchell Institute for Global Peace, Justice and Security at Queen’s University in Belfast, Northern Ireland (2017). In 2017, he was the inaugural recipient of the Engaged Scholarship Prize from the International Association of Genocide Scholars in recognition of his exemplary engagement in advancing genocide awareness and prevention.
University of Manitoba
Andrew Woolford is a Professor of Sociology & Criminology and former president of the International Association of Genocide Scholars. Much of his current research is centred in the field of genocide studies, with specific emphasis on cultural techniques of group destruction deployed against Indigenous Peoples in North America. This focus is best reflected in his 2015 book, “This Benevolent Experiment”: Indigenous Boarding Schools, Genocide and Redress in North America (University of Nebraska Press and the University of Manitoba Press). However, he also maintains broad interests in the fields of Sociology, Socio-Legal Studies, and Criminology.
Another research project has further expanded his scholarly boundaries and brought him into contact with new fields and themes: representation, empathy, affect, and human-computer interaction, to name but a few. This is a project built upon decolonizing/unsettling and community-led research principles through which his team will design, build and test a virtual Indian Residential School to analyze the educational and empathy-inducing potential of contemporary forms of virtual and augmented reality technology. He is also working with Survivors from the Assiniboia Residential School to advance public knowledge about and commemoration of their former school, which was located in the River Heights Neighbourhood of Winnipeg. He has most recently undertaken a project titled “Symbiotic Destruction: Genocide, Human Groups, and the Natural World”, which examines human and other-than-human relations in the context of genocide.